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Migrant and Minority Fertility in Europe

Background and Objective

There is an ongoing discussion on the demographic consequences of migration to Europe and between European states. The debate is not only related to migration and its impact on population development itself, but also to the processes of family formation and fertility of migrants and their descendants, as well as minority groups.

The EAPS Network Migrant and Minority Fertility in Europe brings together researchers who address these topics under different perspectives:

  • To discuss the applicability of different demographic approaches: e.g. tempo vs quantum, period vs cohort to migrant fertility.
  • To assess to what extent national and international data sources can be used for comparative analyses and to overcome problems related to different sampling criteria, definitions of migrants etc. 
  • To test traditional hypotheses of migrant and minority fertility within the current European context.
  • To develop a comprehensive picture of the results from various research perspectives on migrant and minority fertility, such as the comparison between several migrant groups at one destination, a migrant group from one sending country at different destinations, emigrants from one sending country to stayers in the country of origin.
  • Studying the impact of meso and macro-level discontinuities such as regional disparities on the labour market or economic crises, on family formation of migrants and minorities.
  • To explore the relationship between other aspects of family dynamics, such as partnership formation, and fertility.
  • To carry out comparative analyses between migrant generations in order to understand the patterns, causes and consequences of intergenerational change.

Aims of the research network

  • To provide a platform for researchers working on migrant and minority fertility for communication and exchange of research results by a mailing list and biannual workshops.
  • To provide the opportunity to present research results to the scientific public by organizing thematic sessions at international conferences.
  • To summarize and systematize research by editing books or special issues of international journals.
  • To increase the visibility of research on migrant and minority fertility by disseminating information on researchers and research topics


Membership is open to all researchers working on migrant and minority fertility in Europe. EAPS membership is desired for network participants.

Current Members:

Liili Abuladze, Project manager, Tallinn University (Estonia)

Giuseppe Gabrielli, Assistant Professor in Demography, University of Naples Federico II (Italy),

Konstantin Igorevich Kazenin, Head of the Center for Regional Studies, Russian Academy for National Economy and Public Administration, Moscow (Russia)

Vladimir Kozlov , Associate professor, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow (Russia)

Elisabeth K. Kraus, Senior Research Fellow, Federal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden (Germany),

Anne-Kristin Kuhnt, Postdoc, University of Duisburg Essen,

Livia Elisa Ortensi, Assistant professor, University of Milan (Italy)

Tomas Sobotka, Head of the research group on Comparative European Demography, Wittgenstein Centre for Demography and Global Human Capital, Vienna (Austria),
Marianne Tønnessen, Research scientist/ Head of population projections, Statistics Norway, Oslo,

Ben Wilson, Postdoc, Stockholm University (Sweden),

Katharina Wolf, M.Sc., Doctoral student, Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research, Rostock (Germany),



Chaired by: 

Steering Committee

Christoph Bühler, Professor of Sociology, Leibniz University Hannover (Germany),

Nadja Milewski, Assistant Professor of Demography, University of Rostock (Germany),

Eleonora Mussino, Associate Professor (Docent), Stockholm University (Sweden),


Recent Publications
Ambrosetti, E., Ortensi, L.E., Castagnaro C., & Attili, M. (2015). Sex imbalances at birth in migratory context: preliminary results from Italy. Genus, 71 (2-3), 29-51.
Baykara-Krumme, H., & Milewski, N. (2017). Fertility patterns among Turkish women in Turkey and abroad: the impact of international mobility, migrant generation, and family background. European Journal of Population, 33(3), 409–436.
Carol, S., & Milewski, N. (2017). Attitudes toward abortion among the Muslim minority and non-Muslim majority in cross-national perspective: Can religiosity explain the differences? Sociology of Religion. (online first).
Duvander, A.-Z., & Mussino, E. (2017). Föräldraledig nu eller senare? Invandrade kvinnors användning av föräldrapenning. Socialvetenskaplig tidskrift, 23(3-4), 259-282.
González-Ferrer, A., Castro Martín, T., Kraus, E., & Eremenko, T. (2017). Childbearing patterns among immigrant women and their daughters in Spain: Over-adaptation or structural constraints“. Demographic Research, 37(19), 599–634.
Kazenin K.I., & Kozlov V.A. (2017). Childbearing age in Dagestan: significance of the ethnic factor under the conditions of modernization. Narodonaselenie, 1, 46-58 (in Russian).
Kazenin K.I., & Kozlov V.A. (2017). The main characteristics of matrimonial and reproductive behavior in Dagestan: reasons and social economic consequences. Vestnik Instituta Economiki RAN, 1, 46-58 (in Russian).
Krapf, S., & Wolf, K. (2015).  Persisting differences or adaptation to German fertility patterns? First and second birth behavior of the 1.5 and second generation Turkish migrants in Germany. Kölner Zeitschrift für Soziologie und Sozialpsychologie, 67(Suppl. 1), 137-164.
Kraus, E.K., Castro-Martín, T. (2017). Does migrant background matter for adolescents’ fertility preferences? The Latin American 1.5 generation in Spain“. European Journal of Population. doi:10.1007/s10680-017-9427-3 (online first).
Mussino, E., & Duvander, A.-Z. (2016). Use it or save it? Migration background and parental leave uptake in Sweden. European Journal of Population, 32(2), 189-210.
Mussino, E., Miranda, V. & Ma, L. (2017). Sex ratio at birth among immigrant groups in Sweden. SRRD_2017:05.
Mussino, E., Gabrielli, G., Paterno, A., Strozza, S., & Terzera, L. (2015). Motherhood of foreign women in Lombardy: Testing the effects of migration by citizenship. Demographic Research, 33(23), 653–64.
Ortensi L.E. (2015). Engendering the fertility-migration nexus: The role of women's migratory patterns in the analysis of fertility after migration. Demographic Research, 32 (1), 1435-1468.
Puur,A., Rahnu,L., Abuladze,L., Sakkeus,L., Zakharov,S. (2017). Childbearing among first- and second-generation Russians in Estonia against the background of the sending and host countries. Demographic Research, 36(41), 1209−1254.
Tervola, J., Duvander, A.-Z., & Mussino, E. (2017). Promoting parental leave for immigrant fathers – what role does policy play? Social Politics, 24(3), 269-297.
Wilson, B., & Kuha, J. (2017) Residential segregation and the fertility of immigrants and their descendants, Population, Space and Place.
Wolf, K. (2016). Marriage migration versus family reunification: how does the marriage and migration history affect the timing of first and second childbirth among Turkish immigrants in Germany? European Journal of Population, 32(5), 731-759.